Motion of no confidence in the Government to avoid consequences from the West?

2023-06-08 07:40:00, Kosova & Bota CNA

Motion of no confidence in the Government to avoid consequences from the West?

There have been no explicit requests to the opposition parties in Kosovo by the special envoys of the United States, Gabriel Escobar, and of the European Union, Miroslav Lajçak, say the officials of these parties.

Lajçak and Escobar, on May 6, met with the leaders of the three opposition parties in Kosovo, the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK), the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) and the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (AAK).

As the officials of these parties say, in a meeting with Western diplomats, they discussed the current crisis in the north of Kosovo and the demands of the West to the Government of Kosovo to get out of the situation created there.

The expert on political developments, Arton Demhasaj from the non-governmental organization Lévizja Çohu, believes that Lajçak and Escobar have also discussed with the opposition parties about alternative options to get out of the created situation.

The crisis in the north, but also in Kosovo's relations with its western partners, started as a result of the actions of the Kosovo authorities, who with the help of the police enabled the entry of the new Albanian mayors into the municipal facilities in Zubin Potok, Leposaviq and Zveçan. on May 26.

They were opposed by the Serbian citizens in the municipalities in the north of Kosovo, who boycotted the April 23 elections for the mayor of these municipalities. The objections were manifested with protests, which resulted in clashes between the protesters and the Kosovo Police, but also with the members of KFOR in Zveçan, on May 29, where several dozen were injured on both sides.

Lajçak and Escobar, during their last visit to Kosovo, on June 5 and 6, asked the Prime Minister of Kosovo, Albin Kurti, to calm the situation in the north of Kosovo, to hold new elections in the four northern municipalities, as well as to return to dialogue for the normalization of Kosovo-Serbia relations.

Both Western diplomats have said that regarding these requests, they expect an answer from Prime Minister Kurti by Friday. The two emissaries also visited Belgrade and asked the Serbian president, Aleksandar Vu?i?, to calm the situation in the north of Kosovo, as well as to influence the Serbian citizens there to participate in the new local elections.

About the consequences "it was discussed superficially"

Vlora Çitaku, vice-president of the largest opposition party, PDK, tells Radio Free Europe that the meeting with Lajcak and Ecobari was regular. The meeting, according to her, was in the spirit of informing about the current political developments in Kosovo, as well as "raising alarms of concern for the strained relations between Kosovo and its allies".

Whether it was discussed about the eventual measures that the EU and the USA can take towards Kosovo in the event that Kurti does not accept the demands of the Western partners, Çitaku did not specify what eventual measures were discussed.

"It was only spoken superficially. Of course, we have asked that Kosovo not suffer because of one man. Kosovo is bigger than an individual and does not belong to one person, and Kosovo should not pay the price for the amateurish and adventurous behavior of Prime Minister Kurti", says Çitaku.

The vice-president of the LDK, Lutfi Haziri, in a conversation with Radio Evropa e Lire, emphasizes that in the meeting with Lajçak and Escobar, they talked about the concerns regarding the situation in the north of the country and the stalemate created in the relations between the Government of Kosovo and its partners Western. He says that not much has been said about the possible consequences for Kosovo in the event that Prime Minister Kurti does not accept the demands of these partners.

"This confrontation between the international mediator and the American envoy is with this part [the Government of Kosovo], because they are the main bearers. They are the main ones responsible and in this case they will bear the main consequences. And we are happy with the fact that there will be no collective consequences", he says.

Even Haziri did not specify what the eventual consequences could be.

AAK: Initiate the motion of no confidence in the Government

The leader of the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo, Ramush Haradinaj, on Wednesday, June 7, expressed his opinion to the media that the actions of the Government of Kosovo should take place within the deadline set by the Western partners.

On the contrary, he said that the opposition has the necessary number to initiate the no-confidence motion against the Government of Kosovo.

"The motion is the right solution, it is democracy and this would be useful for the entire political spectrum, including the majority in power. The votes are. The opposition has the necessary number to initiate the motion", said Haradinaj.

Demhasaj: The motion of no confidence can be coordinated

The expert on political processes, Arton Demhasaj from Lévizja Çohu, says for Radio Free Europe that the possibility is not excluded that in the meeting of Lajçak and Escobar with the representatives of the opposition parties, the possibility of a no-confidence motion against the Kurti Government was also discussed.

He believes that such an idea is also consistent with the statement of the US envoy for the Western Balkans, Gabriel Escobar, who said on June 6 that he does not support an individual who "does not have an instinct for cooperation", referring to the prime minister When you.

"It can also be a kind of 'threat' to the Government that 'if you don't move, then we find other partners and move on and the situation doesn't remain blocked'. So, even the initiation of the motion of no confidence by AAK, I don't think it's in vain, but it could simply be something coordinated with the Americans", says Demhasaj.

The opposition, divided on the motion

In order to initiate the motion of no confidence in the Government, the votes of 40 deputies of the Assembly of Kosovo are needed. To pass such a motion, at least 61 votes of deputies are necessary, out of the total number of 120 deputies in the Assembly of Kosovo.

Currently, the ruling Vetëvendosje Movement has 57 deputies in the Assembly. From the opposition parties, the PDK has 18 deputies, the LDK has 16, while the AAK has eight deputies. Together, these three parties have 42 deputies, which is a sufficient number to initiate a no-confidence motion against the executive.

The multi-ethnic parliamentary group has eight MPs, while another 13 are without a parliamentary group, including five and nine MPs from the Serbian List - the largest party of Serbs in Kosovo, which enjoys the support of official Belgrade.

The leader of AAK, Ramush Haradinaj, has stated that there are deputies who are part of the parliamentary majority and outside it, who can vote the motion of no confidence in the Government.

However, PDK's vice president, Vlora Çitaku, says that in reality the opposition parties together have about 40 votes and they should not focus now on "small political tactics".

She says that Prime Minister Kurti should reflect and coordinate the next steps with Western partners.

"The PDK will use all political and parliamentary instruments to prevent the Prime Minister [Kurti] from ruining the Euro-Atlantic future of Kosovo", she says, without specifying whether the PDK will support an eventual no-confidence motion against the Government .

The vice president of the LDK, Lutfi Haziri, says that the situation, under the current circumstances, is not in the interest of the no-confidence motion against the Government.

"The position of the opposition is very short in the request initiated by the former Prime Minister Haradianj, as the chairman of AAK. There is a certain number of MPs who can initiate a motion, but the motion ends in debate and without success. The LDK is not interested in joining an unsuccessful motion," Haziri emphasizes.

Is the opposition waiting for the moment for the motion?

But, Arton Demhasaj from Lévizja Çohu, says that the initiative of AAK for a motion of no confidence in the Government, however, was not done in vain. According to him, similar situations, when the opposition parties have declared that they do not support a motion, have happened before, until the day when the motion entered the Assembly.

"So, they don't accept it in advance. Maybe they are currently looking at the current situation, how far the Government can go and whether or not it is reflecting the demands of international partners. If there is reflection, then there may not even be a motion and the necessary formal signatures may not be collected. But, if the Government does not reflect and does not respect the deadline given by the international partners, then the motion takes on seriousness, the signatures are collected and it can soon go to the Assembly.

The American emissary, Gabriel Escobar, has stated that the deadline for receiving an answer from Prime Minister Kurti regarding the demands of the Western partners, does not mean an ultimatum for the Government of Kosovo, but it is the deadline when he must report to the White House regarding the results of the visit in Kosovo and Serbia. On the same day, the European emissary, Miroslav Lajçak, will report to the head of EU diplomacy, Josep Borrell.

However, during his stay in Belgrade, on September 7, Escobar said that the situation in the north of Kosovo should be escalated immediately and that he does not want to wait until July for new elections.

He reiterated that the formation of the Association of municipalities with a Serbian majority is a "legal requirement" for the Government of Kosovo and that "if Kosovo wants to move forward with its integration, it must form the Association".

"The question is whether this will happen with this government or with the next government," said Escobar.

Kosovo and Serbia reached the agreement for this association as early as 2013 within the dialogue for the normalization of relations, mediated by the EU.

But, despite the constant calls of the international community to implement it, Kosovo has consistently refused on the grounds that the broad powers of the Association would threaten the internal functionality of the state./ Rel

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